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Generate an identifier suitable as an anchor for a Harvard citation. This template, which can be used with either the name {{SfnRef}} or the name {{harvid}}, is intended to be paired with Harvard citation templates such as {{Sfn}}, {{harv}}, and {{harvnb}}. This template uses the same arguments as the other citation templates. As explained below, this template is needed only in some cases when the Harvard citation templates are used.


{{SfnRef|Last name of author(s)|Year}}


{{harvid|Last name of author(s)|Year}}

The first parameter is the first author's last name. Up to four authors can be given as parameters; if there are more than four authors, list only the first four. The last parameter is the year of publication, possibly with a letter suffixed to avoid ambiguity if there are multiple citations by the same set of authors in the same year.

All named parameters such as |p= are ignored.


This template creates the proper value for the |ref= parameter for use with {{cite journal}}, {{cite book}}, {{citation}}, and the other Citation Style 1 and 2 templates, and for use by {{vcite journal}}, {{vcite book}} and other templates that generate Vancouver system references. It is intended to be paired with {{Sfn}} and uses the same arguments. As explained below, {{SfnRef}}/{{harvid}} is only necessary in a subset of the cases where {{Sfn}} is used.

{{Sfn}} creates a short footnote that is linked to a full footnote. {{Sfn}} creates the link automatically, but the full footnote must be assigned the proper ID value to be a valid target for that link.

When using the Citation Style 1 and 2 family of citation templates, a default ID is generated from the last names of the first four authors or editors. A custom ID can be created via the |ref= parameter. However, if none of |last1=, |editor-last=, or their equivalents are used, use {{SfnRef}} to create the proper value without having to know the rules for how {{Sfn}} creates the ID.

The {{vcite journal}} etc. templates (with "vcite", not "cite") require the use of {{SfnRef}}/{{harvid}} to work with Harvard citations.


With the shortened footnote template

When citing an article published in the December 2004 edition of Rolling Stone where the author is unknown, you might create a short footnote as follows:

{{Sfn|Rolling Stone|2004}}

|ref=harv will not work in this case because "Rolling Stone" is not the name of the author. You may code the value for the |ref= parameter manually, or you can use {{SfnRef}} and specify the same parameters as used with {{Sfn}}:

{{SfnRef|Rolling Stone|2004}}

The full footnote:

{{cite news |work=[[w:en:Rolling Stone]] |title=The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time |ref={{SfnRef|w:en:Rolling Stone|2004}} |date=December 2004}}

You can copy and paste the {{Sfn}} template code and change the name of the template from "Sfn" to "SfnRef". If your short footnote includes page numbers such as {{Sfn|Rolling Stone|2004|p=48}}, you can copy and paste it to create {{SfnRef|Rolling Stone|2004|p=48}}; the |p=48 parameter is not necessary but will do no harm.

With other Harvard templates

For example, a References section might contain the following markup:

{{vcite journal |author=Peh WC, Ng KH |title=Preparing the references |journal=Singapore Med J |volume=50 |issue=7 |pages=659–661 |date=2009 |pmid=19644619 |url= |format=PDF |ref={{harvid|Peh|Ng|2009}} }}

This markup uses {{harvid|Peh|Ng|2009}} to generate the anchor identifier "CITEREFPehNg2009", used internally to link Harvard references to citations. (This identifier is not visible to the article's reader.) The generated citation looks like this:

Predefinição:Vcite journal

Article prose can link to this citation with markup like the following:


which generates the following:


To see how it works, click on the "Predefinição:Harv".

See also[editar]

  • {{citeref}} (a wrapper for harvid to create #internal wikilinks with either superscript [n] or plain-text labels to other citations from inside a citation)